Dr.  Alexandre Miguel Urbano da Fonseca Ramos

Dr. Alexandre Miguel Urbano da Fonseca Ramos

Research Interests

  • Atmospheric Rivers and extreme events;
  • Compound weather and climate extremes;
  • Climate variability in Mediterranean Climates on multiple time-scales, linking weather and climate

Current Projects

  • 2018-2023 Understanding and modeling compound climate and weather events - DAMOCLES European COST action (2018-2022) - Leader of Working Group 1.

Past Projects

  • 2019-2022 Principal investigator of Holmodrive Principial investigator of Holmodrive (2019-2022) - North Atlantic Atmospheric Patterns influence on Western Iberia Climate: From the Lateglacial to Present (Portuguese Science Foundation, FCT)
  • 2019-2022 Co-Principal investigator of WEX-ATLANTIC - Weather Extremes in the Euro Atlantic Region: Assessment and Impacts (Portuguese Science Foundation, FCT)

Curriculum Vitae

  • Since September 2022 – Senior Researcher at the Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany

  • 2019-2022 Assistant Researcher at the Instituto Dom Luiz (IDL), Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon, Portugal
  • 2013 – 2019 Post-doctoral researcher funded by FCT (Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia, SFRH/BPD/84328/2012) at Instituto Dom Luiz (IDL), University of Lisbon, Portugal
  • 2008 – 2012 PhD Student funded by FCT (Portuguese Science Foundation, SFRH/BD/46000/2008) at Ephyslab, University of Vigo, Spain.
  • 2006 - 2007 Researcher in R&D projects at Instituto Dom Luiz (IDL), University of Lisbon, Portugal
  • 1999-2005 Degree in Geophysical Sciences - Meteorology, University of Lisbon, Portugal


  • 2022 - Scientific Award in Earth Sciences and Geophysics awarded by Universidade de Lisboa/Caixa Geral de Depósitos (ULisboa/CGD Scientific Awards)
  • 2016 MEdCLIVAR 2016 Young Scientist Award, awarded by MedCLIVAR



Reclassifying historical disasters: From single to multi-hazards
Lee, R.; White, C. J.; Adnan, M. S. G.; Douglas, J.; Mahecha, M. D.; O’Loughlin, F. E.; Patelli, E.; Ramos, A. M.; Roberts, M. J.; Martius, O.; Tubaldi, E.; van den Hurk, B.; Ward, P. J.; Zscheischler, J.
2024. Science of The Total Environment, 912, Art.-Nr.: 169120. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.169120
How to mitigate flood events similar to the 1979 catastrophic floods in the lower Tagus
Fernández-Nóvoa, D.; Ramos, A. M.; González-Cao, J.; García-Feal, O.; Catita, C.; Gómez-Gesteira, M.; Trigo, R. M.
2024. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 24 (2), 609–630. doi:10.5194/nhess-24-609-2024
Identifying imprints of externally derived dust and halogens in the sedimentary record of an Iberian alpine lake for the past ∼13,500 years – Lake Peixão, Serra da Estrela (Central Portugal)
Moreno, J.; Ramos, A. M.; Raposeiro, P. M.; Santos, R. N.; Rodrigues, T.; Naughton, F.; Moreno, F.; Trigo, R. M.; Ibañez-Insa, J.; Ludwig, P.; Shi, X.; Hernández, A.
2023. Science of The Total Environment, 903, Art.-Nr.: 166179. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.166179
Changes in Moisture Sources of Atmospheric Rivers Landfalling the Iberian Peninsula With WRF‐FLEXPART
Fernández-Alvarez, J. C.; Pérez-Alarcón, A.; Eiras-Barca, J.; Ramos, A. M.; Rahimi-Esfarjani, S.; Nieto, R.; Gimeno, L.
2023. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 128 (8), e2022JD037612. doi:10.1029/2022JD037612
Future Atmospheric Rivers and Impacts on Precipitation: Overview of the ARTMIP Tier 2 High‐Resolution Global Warming Experiment
Shields, C. A.; Payne, A. E.; Shearer, E. J.; Wehner, M. F.; O’Brien, T. A.; Rutz, J. J.; Leung, L. R.; Ralph, F. M.; Marquardt Collow, A. B.; Ullrich, P. A.; Dong, Q.; Gershunov, A.; Griffith, H.; Guan, B.; Lora, J. M.; Lu, M.; McClenny, E.; Nardi, K. M.; Pan, M.; Qian, Y.; Ramos, A. M.; Shulgina, T.; Viale, M.; Sarangi, C.; Tomé, R.; Zarzycki, C.
2023. Geophysical Research Letters, 50 (6), Art.Nr.e2022GL102091. doi:10.1029/2022GL102091
Consideration of compound drivers and impacts in the disaster risk reduction cycle
van den Hurk, B. J. J. M.; White, C. J.; Ramos, A. M.; Ward, P. J.; Martius, O.; Olbert, I.; Roscoe, K.; Goulart, H. M. D.; Zscheischler, J.
2023. iScience, 26 (3), Article no: 106030. doi:10.1016/j.isci.2023.106030
The compound event that triggered the destructive fires of October 2017 in Portugal
Ramos, A. M.; Russo, A.; DaCamara, C. C.; Nunes, S.; Sousa, P.; Soares, P. M. M.; Lima, M. M.; Hurduc, A.; Trigo, R. M.
2023. iScience, 26 (3), Art.-Nr.: 106141. doi:10.1016/j.isci.2023.106141
Combined large-scale tropical and subtropical forcing on the severe 2019–2022 drought in South America
Geirinhas, J. L.; Russo, A. C.; Libonati, R.; Miralles, D. G.; Ramos, A. M.; Gimeno, L.; Trigo, R. M.
2023. npj Climate and Atmospheric Science, 6 (1), Article no: 185. doi:10.1038/s41612-023-00510-3
Validation of 3-day rainfall forecast at the regional scale
Melo, R.; Oliveira, S.; Tomé, R.; Ramos, A. M.; Oliveira, S. C.
2023. MethodsX, 10, Art.-Nr.: 102071. doi:10.1016/j.mex.2023.102071
The timing of the deglaciation in the Atlantic Iberian mountains: Insights from the stratigraphic analysis of a lake sequence in Serra da Estrela (Portugal)
Hernández, A.; Sáez, A.; Santos, R. N.; Rodrigues, T.; Martin-Puertas, C.; Gil-Romera, G.; Abbott, M.; Carballeira, R.; Costa, P.; Giralt, S.; Gomes, S. D.; Griffore, M.; Ibañez-Insa, J.; Leira, M.; Moreno, J.; Naughton, F.; Oliveira, D.; Raposeiro, P. M.; Trigo, R. M.; Vieira, G.; Ramos, A. M.
2022. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. doi:10.1002/esp.5536
Leaf wax biomarkers of a high-mountain lake area in western iberia : Implications for environmental reconstructions
Santos, R. N. N.; Schefuß, E.; Cordeiro, L. G. M. S.; Oliveira, D.; Hernández, A.; Ramos, A. M. M.; Rodrigues, T.
2022. Frontiers in Environmental Science, 10, Article no: 994377. doi:10.3389/fenvs.2022.994377

Other Publications


[87] Araújo, J.R.; Ramos, A.M.; Soares, P.M.M; Melo, R.; Oliveira, S.C.; Trigo, R.M. (2022) Impact of extreme rainfall events on landslide events in Portugal under climate change scenarios. Landslides 19, 2279–2293. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10346-022-01895-7

[86] Collow, A.B.; Shields, C.A; Guan,B.; Kim, S.; Lora, J.M; Ramos, A.M.; et al., (2022) An Overview of ARTMIP’s Tier 2 Reanalysis Intercomparison: Uncertainty in the Detection of Atmospheric Rivers and their Associated Precipitation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 127, e2021JD036155. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JD036155

[85] Garreaud, R.; Ralph, M.; Wilson, A.; Ramos, A.M; Eiras-Barca, J.; Steen-Larsen, H.; Rutz, J.; Albanh, C.; Tilininai, N. ; Warnej, M.; Viale, M.; Rondanelli R.; McPhee, J.; ValenzuelaR.; Gorodetskayan, I. (2022) Running a scientific conference during pandemic times. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 103(7), E1650-E1657.



[84] O’Brien, T. A.; Wehner, M. F.; Payne, A. E.; Shields, C. A.; Rutz, J. J.; Leung, L.-R.; Ramos, A.M.; et al. (2021). Increases in Future AR Count and Size: Overview of the ARTMIP Tier 2 CMIP5/6 Experiment. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 127, e2021JD036013. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JD036013

[83] Amaral, I.C.F.; Libonati, R.; Palmeira, A.C.P.A.; Ramos A.M. (2021) Ranking of daily precipitation extreme events over oil pipelines in Rio de Janeiro. Climate Research, 85:129-141. https://doi.org/10.3354/cr01675

[82] Lima, M.M.; Hurduc A.; Ramos, A.M. and Trigo R.M. (2021) The Increasing Frequency of Tropical Cyclones in the Northeastern Atlantic Sector. Frontiers in Earth Sciences, 9:745115. https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2021.745115

[81] Bevacqua, E.; De Michele, C.; Manning, C.; Couasnon, A.; Ribeiro, A. F. S.; Ramos, A. M.; et al. (2021) Guidelines for studying diverse types of compound weather and climate events. Earth's Future, 9, e2021EF002340. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021EF002340

[80] Gimeno, L.; Algarra, I.; Eiras-Barca, J.; Ramos, A. M.; Nieto, R. (2021) Atmospheric river, a term encompassing different meteorological patterns. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Water, e1558. https://doi.org/10.1002/wat2.1558

[79] Raj, S.; Shukla, R.; Trigo, R.M.; Merz, B.; Rathinasamy, M.; Ramos, A.M.; Agarwal, A. (2021), Ranking and Characterization of Precipitation Extremes for the past 113 years for Indian western Himalayas. International Journal Climatolology, 41 (15), 6602– 6615. https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.7215

[78] Stojanovic, M.; Gonçalves, A.; Sorí, R.; Vázquez, M.; Ramos, A.M.; Nieto, R.;Gimeno, L.; Liberato, M.L.R. (2021) Consecutive Extratropical Cyclones Daniel, Elsa and Fabien, and Their Impact on the Hydrological Cycle of Mainland Portugal. Water 13, 1476. Doi:10.3390/w13111476

[77] Ramos, A. M., Roca, R., Soares, P.M.M., Wilson, A.M., Trigo, R.M., Ralph, F.M. (2021) Uncertainty in different precipitation products in the case of two atmospheric river events. Environmental Research Letters, 16(4). Doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/abe25b

[76] Eiras-Barca, J.; Ramos, A. M.; Algarra, I.; Vazquez, M.; Dominguez, F.; Miguez-Macho, G.; Nieto, R.; Gimeno, L.; Taboada, J. ;Ralph, F. M. (2021) European West Coast atmospheric rivers: A scale to characterize strength and impacts. Weather and Climate Extremes, 31(100305). Doi: 10.1016/j.wace.2021.100305

[75] Liberato, M.L.R.; Montero, I.; Gouveia, C.; Russo, A.; Ramos, A. M.; Trigo, R.M. (2021) Rankings of extreme and widespread dry and wet events in the Iberian Peninsula between 1901 and 2016. Earth System. Dynamics, 12, 197–210, Doi:10.5194/esd-12-197-2021.

[74] Hénin, R.; Ramos, A.M.; Pinto, J.G.; Liberato, M.L.R. (2021) A ranking of concurrent precipitation and wind events for the Iberian Peninsula. International Journal of Climatology. 41: 1421– 1437. Doi:10.1002/joc.6829



[73] Algarra, I.; Nieto, R.; Ramos, A.M.; Eiras-Barca, J.; Trigo, R.M.; Gimeno, L. (2020) Significant increase of global anomalous moisture uptake feeding landfalling Atmospheric Rivers. Nature Communications, 11, 5082. Doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-18876-w

[72] Guerreiro, P.M.P.; Soares, P.M.M.; Cardoso, R.M.; Ramos, A.M. (2020) An Analysis of Fog in the Mainland Portuguese International Airports. Atmosphere, 11, 1239. Doi: 10.3390/atmos11111239

[71] O’Brien, T.A.; Payne, A.E.; Shields, C.A.; Rutz, J.; Brands, S.; Castellano, C.; Chen, J.; Cleveland, W.; DeFlorio, M.J.; Goldenson, N.; Gorodetskaya, I.; Díaz, H.I.; Kashinath, K.; Kawzenuk, B.; Kim, S.; Krinitskiy, M.; Lora, J.M.; McClenny, B.; Michaelis, A.; O’Brien, J.; Patricola, C.M.; Ramos, A.M.; Shearer, E.J.; Tung, W.; Ullrich, P.; Wehner, M.F.; Yang, K.; Zhang, R.; Zhang, Z.; Zhou, Y. (2020) Detection Uncertainty Matters for Understanding Atmospheric Rivers. Bulletin American Meteorology Society, 101:E790–E796. Doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0348.1.

[70] Zscheischler, J.; Martius, O.; Westra, S.; Bevacqua, E.; Raymond, C.; Horton, R.; van den Hurk, B.; AghaKouchak, A.; Jézéquel, A.; Mahecha, M.; Maraun, D.; Ramos, A.M.; Ridder, N.; Thiery, W.; Vignotto E., (2020) A typology of compound weather and climate events. Nature Reviews Earth Environment, 1 (7) :333-347. Doi: 10.1038/s43017-020-0060-z

[69] Ramos, A.M., Sousa, P.M., Dutra, E., Trigo, R.M. (2020) Predictive skill for atmospheric rivers in the western Iberian Peninsula. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 877-888. Doi: 10.5194/nhess-20-877-2020

[68] Payne, A.E., Demory, M.; Leung, L.R.; Ramos, A.M.; Shields, C.A.; Rutz., J.J Siler, N.; Villarini, G.; Hall, A.; Ralph, F.M. (2020) Responses and impacts of atmospheric rivers to climate change. Nature Reviews Earth & Environment, 1, 143–157. Doi:10.1038/s43017-020-0030-5

[67] Russo, A.; Sousa, P.M.; Durão, R.M.; Ramos, A.M.; Salvador, P.; Linares C.; Diaz J.; Trigo R.M. (2020) Saharan dust intrusions in the Iberian Peninsula: Predominant synoptic conditions. Science of the Total Environment, 717, 137041, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.137041

[66] Barriopedro, D.; Sousa, P.M.; Trigo, R.M.; García-Herrera, R.; and Ramos, A.M, (2020) The Exceptional Iberian Heatwave of Summer 2018. Bulletin American Meteorology Society, 101, S29–S34. Doi.10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0159.1

[65] Lorente‐Plazas, R.; Montavez, J. P.; Ramos, A. M.; Jerez, S.; Trigo, R. M.; and Jimenez‐Guerrero, P. (2020). Unusual atmospheric‐river‐like structures coming from Africa induce extreme precipitation over the western Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125, e2019JD031280. doi:10.1029/2019JD031280

[64] Wilson, A.M.; Chapman, W.; Payne, A.; Ramos, A.M.; Boehm, C.; Campos, D; Cordeira, J.; Garreaud, R.; Gorodetskaya, I.V; Rutz, J.J; Viceto, C and Ralph, F.M. (2020) Training the Next Generation of Researchers in the Science and Application of Atmospheric Rivers. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 101(6), E738-E743 doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0311.1

[63] Gimeno, L.; Vazquez, M.; Eiras-Barca, J.; Sorí, R.; Stojanovic, M.; Algarra, I.; Nieto, R.; Ramos, A. M.; Durán-Quesada, A.M., and Dominguez, F.: (2020) Recent progress on the sources of continental precipitation as revealed by moisture transport analysis, Earth Science Reviews, 201, 103070; p: 1-25 doi: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2019.103070



[62] Rutz, J. J.; Shields, C. A.; Lora, J. M.; Payne, A. E.; Guan, B.; Ullrich, P.; et al. (2019). The atmospheric river tracking method intercomparison project (ARTMIP): quantifying uncertainties in atmospheric river climatology. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 2019; 124: 13777–13802. Doi:10.1029/2019JD030936.

[61] Sousa, P.M.; Ramos, A.M., Raible, C.C., Messmer, M., Tomé, R., Pinto, J.G., Trigo, R.M. (2019) North Atlantic Integrated Water Vapor Transport – from 850-2100 CE: Impacts on Western European Rainfall. Journal of Climate, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0348.1.

[60] Sousa, P.M.; Barriopedro, D.; Ramos, A.M.; García-Herrera, R., Espírito-Santo, F.; Trigo, R.M. (2019) Saharan air intrusions as a relevant mechanism for Iberian heatwaves: The record breaking events of August 2018 and June 2019. Weather and Climate Extremes 26: 100224, doi: 10.1016/j.wace.2019.100224

[59] Ramos, A.M.; Wilson, A.M.; DeFlorio, M.J., et al. (2019) 2018 International Atmospheric Rivers Conference: Multi‐disciplinary studies and high‐impact applications of atmospheric rivers. Atmospheric Science Letters, 20:e935. https://doi.org/10.1002/asl.935

[58] Paulucci, T.B.; França, G.B.; Libonati, R.; Ramos, A.M. (2019) Long-Term Spatial–Temporal Characterization of Cloud-to-Ground Lightning in the Metropolitan Region of Rio de Janeiro. Pure Applied Geophysics, 176, 5161–5175 (2019) doi:10.1007/s00024-019-02216-1

[57] Vázquez, M.; Algarra, I.; Eiras-Barca, J.; Ramos, A.M.; Nieto, R.; Gimeno, L. (2019) Atmospheric Rivers over the Arctic: Lagrangian Characterisation of Their Moisture Sources. Water, 11(1), 41. doi: 10.3390/w11010041

[56] Hénin, R.; Ramos, A.M.; Schemm, S.; Gouveia, C.M.; Liberato, M.L.R. (2019) Assigning precipitation to mid-latitudes fronts on sub-daily scales in the North Atlantic and European sector: Climatology and trends. International Journal of Climatology, 39:317–330. doi:10.1002/joc.5808.



[55] Sousa, P.M.; Blamey, R.C.; Reason, C.J.C; Ramos, A.M.; Trigo, R.M. (2018) The ‘Day Zero’ Cape Town drought and the poleward migration of moisture corridors. Environmental Research Letters. 13, 124025. doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/aaebc7

[54] Hénin, R.; Liberato, M.L.R.; Ramos, A.M.; Gouveia, C.M. (2018) Assessing the Use of Satellite-Based Estimates and High-Resolution Precipitation Datasets for the Study of Extreme Precipitation Events over the Iberian Peninsula. Water, 10(11), 1688. doi: 10.3390/w10111688

[53] Pereira, S., Ramos, A.M., Rebelo, L., Trigo, R.M., Zêzere, J.L. (2018) A centennial catalogue of hydro-geomorphological events and their atmospheric forcing. Advances in Water Resources, 122, 98-112. doi: 10.1016/j.advwatres.2018.10.001.

[52] Ramos, A.M.; Blamey, R.C.; Algarra, I.; Nieto, R.; Gimeno, L.; Tomé, R.; Reason, C.J.; Trigo, R.M. (2018) From Amazonia to southern Africa: Atmospheric moisture transport through Low Level Jets and Atmospheric Rivers. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Early View. doi:10.1111/nyas.13960.

[51] Lavers, D.A.; Richardson, D.S.; Ramos, A.M.; Zsoter, E., Pappenberger, F.; Trigo R.M. (2018) Earlier Awareness of Extreme Winter Precipitation across the Western Iberian Peninsula. Meteorological Applications, 25:622–628. doi:10.1002/met.1727.

[50] Ramos, A.M.; Trigo, R.M.; Tomé, R.; Liberato, M.L.R. (2018) Impacts of Atmospheric Rivers in Extreme Precipitation on the European Macaronesian Islands. Atmosphere, 9:325. doi:10.3390/atmos9080325

[49] Ciric, D.; Nieto, R.; Ramos, A.M.; Drumond, A.; Gimeno, L. (2018) Contribution of Moisture from Mediterranean Sea to Extreme Precipitation Events over Danube River Basin. Water, 10:1182.

[48] Ramos, A.M.; Martins, M.J.; Tomé, R.; Trigo, R.M. (2018) Extreme Precipitation Events in summer in the Iberian Peninsula and Its Relationship with Atmospheric Rivers. Frontiers in Earth Sciences, 6:110. doi:10.3389/feart.2018.00110.

[47] Shields, C.A.; Rutz, J.J.; Leung, L.-Y.; Ralph, F.M.; Wehner, M.; Kawzenuk, B.; Lora, J.M.; McClenny, E.; Osborne, T.; Payne, A.E.; Ullrich, P.; Gershunov, A.; Goldenson, N.; Guan, B.; Qian, Y.; Ramos, A.M.; Sarangi, C.; Sellars, S.; Gorodetskaya, I.; Kashinath, K.; Kurlin, V.; Mahoney, K.; Muszynski, G.; Pierce, R.; Subramanian, A.C.; Tome, R.; Waliser, D.; Walton, D.; Wick, G.; Wilson, A.; Lavers, D.; Prabhat; Collow, A.; Krishnan, H.; Magnusdottir, G.; Nguyen, P. (2018) Atmospheric River Tracking Method Intercomparison Project (ARTMIP): project goals and experimental design. Geoscientific Model Development, 11, 2455-2474. doi:10.5194/gmd-11-2455-2018.

[46] Rebelo, L.; Ramos, A.M.; Pereira, S.; Trigo, R.M. (2018) Meteorological Driving Mechanisms and Human Impacts of the February 1979 Extreme Hydro-Geomorphological Event in Western Iberia. Water, 10, 454, doi: 10.3390/w10040454.

[45] Blamey, R.C.; Ramos, A.M.; Trigo, R.M.; Tomé, R.; Reason, C.J. (2018) The influence of Atmospheric Rivers over the South Atlantic on Winter Rainfall in South Africa. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 19, 127–142, doi:10.1175/JHM-D-17-0111.1.

[44] Eiras-Barca, J.; Ramos, A.M.; Pinto, J.G.; Trigo, R.M.; Liberato, M.L.R.; Miguez-Macho, G. (2018) The concurrence of Atmospheric Rivers and explosive cyclogenesis in the North Atlantic and North Pacific basins. Earth System Dynamics, 9, 91-102, doi:10.5194/esd-9-91-2018.



[43] Ciric, D.; Nieto, R; Ramos, A.M.; Drumond, A; Gimeno, L. (2017) Wet Spells and Associated Moisture Sources Anomalies across Danube River Basin. Water, 9(8):615, doi:10.3390/w9080615.

[42] Liberato, M.L.R.; Ramos, A. M.; Gouveia, C.M.; Sousa, P.; Russo, A.; Trigo R.M.; Santo F.E. (2017) Exceptionally extreme drought in Madeira Archipelago in 2012: Vegetation impacts and driving conditions. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 232:195-209, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.08.010.

[41] Sousa, P.M.; Trigo, R.M.; Barriopedro, D.; Soares P.M.M.; Ramos, A.M.; Liberato, M.L.R. (2017) Responses of European precipitation distributions and regimes to different blocking locations. Climate Dynamics, 48: 1141 doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3132-5.

[40] Ramos, A.M.; Trigo, R.M.; Liberato, M.L.R. (2017) Ranking of multi-day extreme precipitation events over the Iberian Peninsula. International Journal of Climatology, 37: 607–620. doi:10.1002/joc.4726.



[39] Ramos, A.M.; Tomé, R.; Trigo, R.M.; Liberato, M.L.R.; and Pinto J.G. (2016) Projected changes in atmospheric rivers affecting Europe in CMIP5 models, Geophysical Research Letters, 43:9315–9323, doi:10.1002/2016GL070634.

[38] Gimeno, L.; Dominguez, F.; Nieto, R.; Trigo, R.M.; Drumond, A.; Reason, C.J.C.; Taschetto, A.S.; Ramos, A.M.; Kumar, R.; Marengo M. (2016) Major Mechanisms of Atmospheric Moisture Transport and Their Role in Extreme Precipitation Events. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, Vol. 41, doi:10.1146/annurev-environ-110615-085558.

[37] Ramos, A.M.; Nieto, R.; Tomé, R.; Gimeno, L.; Trigo, R.M.; Liberato, M.L.R.; and Lavers, D.A. (2016) Atmospheric rivers moisture sources from a Lagrangian perspective. Earth System Dynamics, 7, 371-384, doi:10.5194/esd-7-371-2016.

[36] Ferreira, J.A; Liberato, M.L.R; Ramos, A.M. (2016) On the relationship between atmospheric water vapour transport and extra-tropical cyclones development. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 94:56-54. doi:10.1016/j.pce.2016.01.001.

[35] Pereira, S.; Ramos, A.M.; Zêzere, J.L.; Trigo, R.M.; Vaquero, J. M.(2016) Spatial impact and triggering conditions of the exceptional hydro-geomorphological event of December 1909 in Iberia. Natural Hazards Earth System Sciences, 16:371-390. doi:10.5194/nhess-16-371-2016.

[34] Lorenzo, M.N.; Ramos, A.M; Brands, S. (2016) Present and future climate conditions for winegrowing in Spain, Regional Environmental Change, 16(3):617-627. doi:10.1007/s10113-015-0883-1.

[33] Pires, A.C.; Nolasco, R.; Rocha, A.; Ramos, A.M.; Dubert, J. (2016) Climate change in the Iberian Upwelling System: a numerical study using GCM downscaling. Climate Dynamics, 47:451–464, doi:10.1007/s00382-015-2848-y.



[32] Trigo, R.M.; Ramos, C.; Pereira, S.S.; Ramos, A.M.; Zêzere, J.L.; Vaquero, J.M.; Liberato, M.L.R. (2015) The deadliest storm of the 20th century striking Portugal: flood impacts and atmospheric circulation, Journal of Hydrology, 541:597–610. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2015.10.036.

[31] Ramos, A.M.; Barriopedro, D.; Dutra, E. (2015) Circulation weather types as a tool in atmospheric, climate, and environmental research (Editorial). Frontiers in Earth Sciences, 3:44, doi:10.3389/fenvs.2015.00044.

[30] Sousa, P.M.; Barriopedro, D.; Trigo, R.M.; Ramos, A.M.; Nieto, R.; Gimeno, L.; Turkman K.F.; Liberato, M.L.R. (2015) Impact of Euro-Atlantic blocking patterns in Iberia precipitation using a novel high resolution dataset. Climate Dynamics, 46(7):2573-2591, doi:10.1007/s00382-015-2718-7.

[29] Renwick, J. A.; Trigo, R.M.; Ramos, A.M. (2015) [Europe] Iberia [in "State of the Climate in 2014”. [Blunden J., and Arndt D.S. Eds.] Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96(7):S195-S196.

[28] Ramos, A.M; Trigo, R.M.; Liberato, M.L.R.; Tomé, R. (2015) Daily Precipitation Extreme Events in the Iberian Peninsula and Its Association with Atmospheric Rivers. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 16:579–597, doi:10.1175/JHM-D-14-0103.1.

[27] Lima, M.I.P.; Santo, F.E.; Ramos, A.M.; Trigo, R.M. (2015) Trends and correlations in annual extreme precipitation indices for mainland Portugal, 1941 2007. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 119(1):55-75, doi:10.1007/s00704-013-1079-6.

[26] Domínguez-Castro, F.; Ramos, A.M.; García-Herrera, R.; Trigo, R.M. (2015) Iberian extreme precipitation 1855/1856: an analysis from early instrumental observations and documentary sources. International Journal of Climatology, 35:142–153, doi:10.1002/joc.3973.



[25] Ramos, A.M.; Sprenger, M.; Wernli, H.; Durán-Quesada, A., Lorenzo, M.; Gimeno, L. (2014) A new circulation type classification based upon Lagrangian air trajectories. Frontiers in Earth Sciences, 2:29. doi:10.3389/feart.2014.00029.

[24] Ramos, A.M.; Cortesi, N; Trigo R.M. (2014) Circulation weather types and spatial variability of daily precipitation in the Iberian Peninsula. Frontiers in Earth Sciences, 2:25, doi:10.3389/feart.2014.00025.

[23] Ramos, A.M.; Trigo, R.M.; Liberato, M.L.R. (2014) A ranking of high-resolution daily precipitation extreme events for the Iberian Peninsula. Atmospheric Science Letters, 15:328–334, doi:10.1002/asl2.507.

[22] Pires, A.C.; Nolasco, R.; Rocha, A.; Ramos, A.M.; Dubert, J. (2014) Global climate models as forcing for regional ocean modeling: a sensitivity study in the Iberian Basin (Eastern North Atlantic). Climate Dynamics, 43(3):1083-1102, doi:10.1007/s00382-014-2151-3.

[21] Trigo, R.M.; Varino F.; Ramos, A.M.; Valente, M.A.; Zêzere, J.L.; Vaquero, J.M.; Gouveia, C.M.; Russo, A. (2014) The record precipitation and flood event in Iberia in December 1876: description and synoptic analysis. Frontiers in Earth Sciences, 2:3. doi:10.3389/feart.2014.00003.

[20] Cortesi, N.; Gonzalez-Hidalgo, J.C.; Trigo, R.M.; Ramos, A.M. (2014) Weather types and spatial variability of precipitation in the Iberian Peninsula. International Journal of Climatology, 34:2661–2677. doi:10.1002/joc.3866.

[19] Santo, E.F.; Ramos, A.M.; de Lima, M.I.P.; Trigo, R.M. (2014) Seasonal changes in daily precipitation extremes in mainland Portugal from 1941 to 2007. Regional Environmental Change, 14(5):1765-1788, doi: 10.1007/s10113-013-0515-6.

[18] Santo, E.F.; De Lima, M.I.P.; Ramos, A.M.; Trigo, R.M. (2014) Trends in seasonal surface air temperature in mainland Portugal, since 1941, International Journal of Climatology, 34:1814–1837, doi:10.1002/joc.3803.


2012 - 2013

[17] Ramos, A.M.; Pires, A.C.; Sousa, P.M.; Trigo, R.M. (2013) The use of circulation weather types to predict upwelling activity along the western Iberian Peninsula coast. Continental Shelf Research, 69:38-51. doi:10.1016/j.csr.2013.08.019.

[16] Trigo, R.M.; Barriopedro D.; Ramos, A.M.; Parker, D.E.; Mühr, B.; Ehmann, C.; Bissolli, P., Kennedy J.J. (2013) [Europe] Iberia [in "State of the Climate in 2012”. [Blunden J., and Arndt D.S. Eds.] Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94(8):S176-S178.

[15] Cortesi, N.; Trigo, R.M.; Gonzalez-Hidalgo, J.C.; Ramos, A.M. (2013) Modelling monthly precipitation with circulation weather types for a dense network of stations over Iberia. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 17(2):665-678, doi:10.5194/hess-17-665-2013.

[14] De Lima, M.I.P.; Santo, F.E.; Ramos, A.M.; de Lima, J.L.M.P. (2013) Recent changes in daily precipitation and surface air temperature extremes in mainland Portugal, in the period 1941-2007. Atmospheric Research, 127:195-209, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2012.10.001.

[13] Liberato, M.L.R.; Ramos, A.M.; Trigo, R.M.; Trigo, I.F.; Durán-Quesada, A.M.; Nieto, R.; Gimeno, L. (2012) Moisture Sources and Large-Scale Dynamics Associated With a Flash Flood Event, in Lagrangian Modeling of the Atmosphere (eds J. Lin, D. Brunner, C. Gerbig, A. Stohl, A. Luhar and P. Webley), American Geophysical Union, Washington, D. C. doi:10.1029/2012GM001244.

[12] Lorenzo, M.N.; Taboada, J.J.; Lorenzo, J.F.; Ramos, A.M. (2012) Influence of climate on grape production and wine quality in the Rías Baixas, north-western Spain, Regional Environmental Change, 13(4):887-896, doi:10.1007/s10113-012-0387-1.



[11] Gouveia, C.; Liberato, M.L.R.; DaCamara, C.C.; Trigo, R.M.; Ramos, A.M. (2011) Modelling past and future wine production in the Portuguese Douro Valley. Climate Research, 48(2):349-362. doi:10.3354/cr01006.

[10] Ramos, A.M.; Ramos, R.; Sousa, P.; Trigo, R.M.; Janeira, M.; Prior, V. (2011) Cloud to ground lightning activity over Portugal and its association with circulation weather types. Atmospheric Research, 101(1-2):84-101, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2011.01.014.

[9] deCastro, M.; Gomez-Gesteira, M.; Ramos, A.M.; Alvarez, I.; deCastro, P. (2011) Effects of heat waves on human mortality, Galicia, Spain. Climate Research, 48(2):333-341, doi:10.3354/cr00988.

[8] Lorenzo, M.N.; Ramos, A.M.; Taboada, J.J.; Gimeno, L. (2011) Changes in Present and Future Circulation Types Frequency in Northwest Iberian Peninsula. PLoS ONE, 6(1):16201-16201. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0016201.

[7] Gómez-Gesteira, M.; Gimeno, L.; deCastro, M.; Lorenzo, M.N.; Alvarez, I.; Nieto, R.; Taboada, J.J.; Crespo, A.J.C.; Ramos, A.M.; Iglesias, I.; Gómez-Gesteira, J.L.; Santo, F.E.; Barriopedro, D.; Trigo, I.F. (2011) The state of climate in NW Iberia. Climate Research, 48(2):109-144, doi:10.3354/cr00967.

[6] Ramos, A.M.; Trigo, R.M.; Santo, F.E. (2011) Evolution of extreme temperatures over Portugal: Recent changes and future scenarios. Climate Research, 48(2):177-192, doi:10.3354/cr00934.


2007 - 2010

[5] Ramos, A.M.; Lorenzo, M.N.; Gimeno, L. (2010) Compatibility between modes of low-frequency variability and circulation types: A case study of the northwest Iberian Peninsula. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115(D2):1-15, doi:10.1029/2009JD012194.

[4] Trigo, R.M.; Ramos, A.M.; Nogueira, P.J.; Santos, F.D.; Garcia-Herrera, R.; Gouveia, C.; Santo, F.E. (2009) Evaluating the impact of extreme temperature based indices in the 2003 heatwave excessive mortality in Portugal. Environmental Science & Policy, 12(7):844-854. doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2009.07.007.

[3] Trigo, R.M.; Valente, M.A.; Trigo, I.F.; Miranda, P.M.A.; Ramos, A.M.; Paredes, D.; García-Herrera, R. (2008) The Impact of North Atlantic Wind and Cyclone Trends on European Precipitation and Significant Wave Height in the Atlantic. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1146(1):212-234. doi:10.1196/annals.1446.014.

[2] Andrade, C.; Trigo, R.M.; Freitas, M.C.; Gallego, M.C.; Borges, P.; Ramos, A.M. (2008) Comparing historic records of storm frequency and the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) chronology. The Holocene, 18(5):745-754. doi:10.1177/0959683608091794.

[1] Trigo, R.M.; Garcia-Herrera, R.; Paredes, D.; Ramos, A.M. (2007) Iberia, in State of the Climate in 2006. Arguez, A., ed., Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 88, S106-S107.

Full publication list: https://www.scopus.com/authid/detail.uri?authorId=24734304300


Book Chapters

[3] Rutz, J.J.; Guan, B.; Bozkurt, D.; Gorodetskaya, I.V.; Gershunov, S.; Lavers, D.A.; Mahoney, K.M.; Moore, B.J.; Neff, W.; Neiman, P.J.; Ralph, F.M.; Ramos, A.M.; Steen-Larsen, H.C.; Tsukernik, M.; Valenzuela, R.; Viale, M.; Wernli H. (2020) “Global and Regional Perspectives”, In Atmospheric Rivers. Switzerland: Springer

[2] Dettinger, M.D.; Lavers, D.A.; Compo, G.P., Gorodetskaya, I.V.; Neff, W.; Neiman, P.J.; Ramos, A.M.; Rutz, J.J.; Viale, M.; Wade, A.J.; White A.B. (2020) “Effects of Atmospheric Rivers”, In Atmospheric Rivers. Switzerland: Springer.

[1] Bock, O; et al.; Ramos, A.M. (2020) “Use of GNSS Tropospheric Products for Climate Monitoring”. In Advanced GNSS Tropospheric Products for Monitoring Severe Weather Events and Climate. Switzerland: Springer.


PhD Thesis
Ramos, A.M.
(2012): Improving circulation weather type classifications using a 3D framework: relationship with climate variability and projections for future climate.

Diploma Thesis
Ramos, A.M.
(2005): Characterization of Heat and Cold Waves in Portugal